Puppy grooming goes beyond hair coat care, and includes brushing your puppy’s teeth. Puppy breath can be a pleasant aroma when the baby is quite small, but when it begins to melt your glasses that’s an indication of a problem. Stinky mouth odor means you won’t welcome those up close and personal snuggles. But it also points to potentially painful, dangerous dental problems.
By the time dogs reach the age of three, 80 percent of them have some amount of dental disease. That makes sense because dogs don’t brush their teeth, and they tend to gulp—not chew—their food. Just think what your teeth would look like in three years if you never brushed!
Adult dogs often object to tooth brushing. It’s best to start puppies with a dental hygiene program while they’re too little to argue and consider it a game or a treat.
Routine cleaning is available from most veterinarians, and involves ultrasonic scaling, polishing, and sometimes fluoride treatment or antibiotics, especially if teeth are pulled. But the best way to prevent dental disease as your puppy grows up is to provide home treatment. Here’s 6 tips to keep your puppy’s teeth clean and bright.
6 Tips for Home Dental Care
Crunching dry food reduces dental problems by about 10 percent, compared to canned food that sticks to teeth. If you feed both, encourage your puppy to crunch dry after the wet appetizer.
Many dogs relish healthy people foods like raw veggies or fruit, and chewing on these “detergent” foods can help scrub teeth clean. Offer your puppy carrots or apple slices for healthy natural dental snacks.
Special “dental diets” and treats available in grocery stores or dispensed from the veterinarian can help especially with dog breeds that seem more prone to dental issues like Yorkshire Terriers. Look for sodium hexametaphosphate (sodium HMP) listed in the food, which helps prevent plaque from attaching to teeth.
Most veterinary dentists dislike cow bones, pig hooves, and other hard chew objects that may break your puppy’s teeth. Sterilized bones designed for doggy dental care, though, may be just the ticket.
Puppies love to chew. Offer your dog a legal object that also has dental benefits, like the “dental toys” that contain a nubby surface designed to scrub the teeth.
A wide range of commercial dental chews (rawhide, ropes, treats) available for dogs may also prevent doggy breath. Some are infused with special enzymes that kill bacteria and help prevent plaque. Also look for dental rinse products from your veterinarian.
How To Brush A Dog’s Teeth
When your dog struggles with tooth problems, the best way to maintain dental health is to brush your puppy’s teeth. Here’s how.
Over several weeks, get your puppy accustomed to having his mouth handled. You can get pups used to having something inserted into their mouth by flavoring your finger with low-salt chicken broth. Why not use clicker training to communicate to your puppy what you want him to do?
Offer doggy toothpaste as a treat. Special meat-flavored toothpaste is available from pet product stores or your veterinarian that gives pups the incentive to open wide. Never use human toothpaste. Puppies can’t spit so they end up swallowing the foam, and swallowed fluoride can be dangerous and damage your puppy’s internal organs.
Once they accept mouth handling and like the toothpaste, try propping the puppy’s mouth open with a favorite toy. Simply encourage him to bite on a chew object, and wrap your hand around his muzzle to hold it in place. That gives you access to his open mouth and also gives him something to do with his teeth. Practice doing this several times and praising him while giving toothpaste treats before you introduce a toothbrush.
Special pet toothbrushes are smaller and may be designed to better fit the dog’s mouth. A soft child’s toothbrush works well.
Some puppies better accept your finger. Finger toothbrushes are available for brushing pet teet, or simply wrap a damp cloth over your fingers and use that to scrub the outside of his teeth. Puppy tongues clean the inside surface of teeth so you won’t have to worry about poking too far inside the mouth.
Brushing after every meal is recommended, but a two to three times a week is good. Always be sure to praise and throw a happy puppy party afterwards so your puppy is left with a good taste over the experience—literally!